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Suffixes:

Disease/change in the body

The following table consists of suffixes showing disease or change in the body.

Suffix        Meaning    Example
-algia pain talalgia
ankle
-cele hernia    gastrocele
stomach
-dynia pain,
swelling
urodynia
urine
-ectasis dilation,
expansion
bronchiolectasis
bronchus
-(a)emia   blood leuk(a)emia
white
-gen producing,
beginning
carcinogen
cancer
-iasis abnormal condition, formation of, presence of cholelithiasis
gall stone
-itis   inflammation hepatitis
stomach
-malacia softening osteomalacia
bone
-megaly enlargement splenomegaly
spleen
-oid resemble fibroid
fibres
-oma tumour adenoma
gland
-osis abnormal condition, dermatosis
skin
-pathy   disease   nephropathy
kidney
-penia    decrease,
deficiency
erthyropenia
red (cell)
-phagia    eating,
swallowing  
dysphagia
difficult
-phasia speech aphasia
without
-plegia    paralysis,
stroke     
hemiplegia
half
-phobia    fear acrophobia
heights
-ptosis   prolapse, falling
dropping  
blepharoptosis
eyelid
-rrhage burst forth haemorrhage
blood
-rrhea discharge,
flow of watery stools
diarrhea
-rrhexis   rupture enterorrhexis
intestines
-sclerosis    hardening   artheriosclerosis
joints
-spasm   involuntary
contraction,
twitching
bronchospasm
bronchus

Suffixes: Surgery-incisions

These suffixes describe types of incisions made during surgery.

Suffix

Meaning

Example

-ectomy

removal    

mastectomy
breast

-centesis

tap, puncture     

thoracentesis
chest

-stomy

mouth, forming an opening

colostomy
colon

-tomy

incision,
to cut into

tracheotomy
trachea

The following suffixes also describe surgery in terms of repairing, rebuilding, reconstructing, or binding

Suffix

Meaning

Example

-desis

binding ,
stabilization

pleurodesis
pleural membrane (lining of the lung)

-rrhapy

suture   

arteriorrhaphy
artery

-pexy

fixation,
suspension

gastropexy
stomach

-plasty

formation,
plastic repair

rhinoplasty
nose    

-clasis

to break down,  
refracture

osteoclasis
bone   

-lysis

loosen, free
form adhesions,
destruction

enterolysis
small intestine

-tripsy

to crush   

cholelithotripsy
gallstone

Suffixes used for diagnoses

Suffix

Meaning   

Example

-gram record of data    encephalogram
brain
-graph instrument for recording cardiograph
heart
-graphy   act of recording data radiography
-meter instrument for measuring     craniometer
cranium
-metry measurement of  audiometry
audio (hearing)
-scope     instrument for viewing laryngoscope
larynx
-scopy examination of laparoscopy
abdomen